冠宇

长沙翻译公司


全国咨询热线:4006991006

  • 1
  • 2
您所在的位置: 首页   »  客户案例

建筑类翻译样本

发表于 2019-1-30 来源:本站

长沙翻译公司

建筑类翻译样本

本次勘 察的常州科勒厨卫有限公司工厂装修项目位于武 进区凤栖路以东,工厂装修项目为原戊类厂房车间二改造,车间二建筑尺寸为 126×72 米,为

1 层建筑。根据甲 方提供的有关资料,该建筑 物结构使用年限 50 年,原建设时间为 2014 年。采用排架结构,独立基础,基础截面尺寸主要为 2.7 ×2.2米。既有车间二地坪面积 9200m2,既有地坪为 150mm C30 混凝土,原地坪设计荷载未知。

    The factory renovation project of Changzhou Kohler Kitchen & Bath Co., Ltd. is located in the east of Fengqi Road, Wujin District, the factory decoration project is the transformation of the original E-class workshop II,the structural dimension of workshop II is 126×72 meters, which is a 1-storey building. According to the relevant information provided by Party A, the structure of the building has a service life of 50 years and the original construction time is 2014. It adopts bent frame structure and an independent foundation, and the basic sectional dimension is mainly 2.7 m × 2.2 m. It has the ground area of workshop II, about 9200m2, it also has C30 concrete ground area with the thick of 150mm, the design load of the original ground is unknown.

受常州 科勒厨卫有限公司委托,我公司 承担了该工程的岩土工程勘察任务。

Entrusted by Changzhou Kohler Kitchen & Bath Co., Ltd., our company has undertaken the geotechnical engineering exploration task of the project.

本次勘 察依据为甲方提供的建筑总平面图、《岩土工程勘察规范》(GB

50021-20012009 年版、《静力触探技术标准》(CECS0488)、《既有建 筑地基基础加固技术规范》(JGJ123-2000)等相关规范。

     The exploration is based on the general plan of the building provided by Party A, the “Code for Investigation of Geotechnical Engineering” (GB50021-2001), the 2009 edition, the “Static Penetration Technical Standard” (CECS04:88), and “Technical code for Improvement of Soil and Foundation of Existing Buildings”(JGJ123-2000) and other related specifications.

根据拟建物特点,对照 GB50021—2001《岩土工程勘察规范》,本工程 重要性等级为三级,场地复杂程度为二级,地基复杂程度为三级,确定本 项目岩土工程勘察等级为乙级,对照 GB50007—2011《建筑地 基基础设计规范》,地基基 础设计等级为丙级。

According to the characteristics of the proposed building, according to GB50021-2001 “Code for Investigation of Geotechnical Engineering”, the importance level of the project is Level three, the site complexity is Level two, and the geotechnical engineering investigation level of the project is determined as Grade B, according to GB50007-2011 “Code for design of building foundation”, the foundation design level is Grade C.

勘察工作依据

(ii) Basis for exploration work

1. 设计单位提供的《车间二建筑施工图纸》

2. GB50021—2001《岩土工程勘察规范》

3. GB50007—2011《建筑地 基基础设计规范》

4. GB50011—2010《建筑抗震设计规范》(2016 年版)

5. JGJ123—2012《既有建 筑地基基础加固技术规范》

6. GB/T50123—1999《土工试验方法标准》

7. JGJ89—92《原状土取样技术标准》

8. CECS0408《静力触探技术标准》

1. “The Construction Drawing of Workshop II” provided by the design unit

2.GB50021—2001 “Code for Investigation of Geotechnical Engineering”

3.GB50007—2011 “Code for design of building foundation”

4.GB50011—2010 “Code for seismic design of buildings” (2016 Edition)

5.JGJ123—2012 “Technical code for Improvement of Soil and Foundation of Existing Buildings”

6.GB/T50123—1999 “Standards for Soil Test Methods”

7. JGJ89-92 “Technical Standard for Sampling of Undisturbed Soils”

8. CECS04:08 “Static Penetration Technical Standard”

勘察目的、要求

(iii) Purpose and requirements of exploration

本次勘 察的目的和任务是通过收集相关资料、现场勘探、室内土工试验等

手段,初步查 明现状地坪以下各层土的类别、结构、厚度、工程特性,初步评

价地基 的稳定性和承载力初步分析地基土特征,提供土 层的物理力学指标和

主要设计参数查明现 状地坪以下素填土和原河塘区域回填土处理情况,初步

评价现 状地坪是否满足 1 /m2 永久荷载要求

      The objective and task of this exploration is to initially identify the type, structure, thickness and engineering characteristics of the soil below the current ground, and initially assess the stability and bearing capacity of the foundation by collecting relevant materials, on-site exploration, indoor geotechnical tests, etc.; to preliminarily analyze of the characteristics of the foundation soil, providing physical and mechanical indicators of the soil layer and main design parameters; to find out the handling information of the plain fill of the current ground and the backfill of the original pond area, and initially assess whether the current floor meets the requirement of 1 ton/m2 permanent load.

勘察方法和工作量布置

(iv) Exploration methods and workload arrangement

1. 勘察方法

根据拟 建建筑物结构特点、荷载情况,本次勘 察采用双桥静力触探和取土探井相结合的勘察方法。静力触探采用 15cm2 双桥探头,LMC-D310 型内存式微机自动记录,率定系数:锥尖 K=3.2174kPa,侧壁 K=0.0366kPa,贯入速度1.2/分。

1. Exploration methods

According to the structural features and load conditions of the proposed building, this exploration uses the combination method of dual-bridge static penetration and soil exploration. The static penetration uses a dual-bridge probe of 15cm2, and the LMC-D310 mode of in-memory microcomputer to record it automatically, the rating coefficient: conical tip K=3.2174kPa, side wall K=0.0366kPa, penetration speed 1.2m/min.

a. 双桥静力触探试验:查明土层的分布情况,评价土 层的均匀性及各地基土的承载力;

b. 取土探井:取地基 持力层原状土样,评价持 力层的地基承载力;

a. Dual-bridge static penetration test: to identify the distribution of soil layer, evaluate the  soil homogeneity and the bearing capacity of the foundation soil;

b. Soil exploration well: to take the undisturbed soil sample of the foundation bearing layer and evaluate the ground bearing capacity of the bearing layer;

2. 工作量布置

根据上 述建筑物特征及勘察目的、要求,结合前 期勘察场地地层分布特点,勘探点 主要按建筑物柱列线及轮廓线布置共布置 24 个勘探点,其中静力触探孔 21 个,取土探井。具体勘 探点布置见图表部分 2-1《勘探点平面布置图》。

2. Workload arrangement  

According to the features of the above-mentioned building and the purpose and requirements of the exploration, combined with the characteristics of the strata distribution in the previous exploration site, the exploration points are mainly arranged according to the column line and contour of the building. A total of 24 exploration sites are arranged, and there are 21 static penetration holes and 3 soil exploration wells. The specific exploration point layout is shown in the chart section 2-1 “Layout plan of the exploration point ”.

野外作业自 2018  23 日开始至 2018  24 日完成,并于 2018 8  29 日提交本勘察报告。实际完成工作量见表 1《完成工作量一览表》。

The field operation was started from August 23, 2018 and completed on August 24, 2018, and the survey report was submitted on August 29, 2018. The actual work performed is shown in Table 1 “ Work completion schedule”.

 

 

 

 

完成工作量一览表

表 1

 

工   作   量

单项负责人

 

 

 

 

静力触探孔

21

个,进尺:420 米

曹亚强

 

 

 

取土探井

3 个,进尺:60m,取原状土样 47 件

曹亚强

 

 

 

 

土工试验

常规 47

件,三轴剪切试验 6 件

张秀花

 

 

 

 

测放勘察点 24 个

曹亚强

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                              Work completion schedule                                          Table1

Item

Workload

Person in charge

Static penetration hole

21, drilling footage: 420m

Cao Yaqiang

 Soil exploration well

3,drilling footage: 60m,  take 47 samples of the undisturbed soil

Cao Yaqiang

Geotechnical test

47  routine ones, 6 samples of tri-axial shear test

Zhang Xiuhua

Measurement

24 exploration points

Cao Yaqiang

 

 

高程系统及放样依据

高程系统为黄海高程系统BM 点为车间二室内地坪(黄海高程为 5.30 )

(v) Elevation system and lofting basis

The elevation system is the Yellow Sea elevation system, and the BM point is the indoor ground of workshop II (the Yellow Sea elevation is 5.30 m).

二. 场地工程地质条件

II.  Site engineering geological conditions

地形、地貌

拟建场 地为已建车间地坪,地坪标高约黄海高程 5.3m

本场地 属长江三角洲冲积平原,总的特征地势较为低平,水系较为发育

(i) Topography, landform

The proposed site is the existing workshop floor, and the floor elevation is about Yellow Sea elevation is 5.30 m.

The site belongs to the alluvial plain of the Yangtze River Delta, the general characteristics are the relatively low terrain and the relatively developed water system.

地层岩性

经本次勘察揭示,拟建场 区在揭示深度内沉积了一套第四系全新统(Q4)及上更新统(Q3)长江三角洲冲积层在本次 勘察深度范围内,可分为 个地质单元层,现自上而下分述如下:

(ii) Formation lithology

According to the exploration, the proposed site has deposited a set of Quaternary New System (Q4) and Upper Pleistocene (Q3) Yangtze River Delta alluvium in the revealed depth.. In the depth of this exploration, it can be divided into five geological unit layers, which are described as follows from top to bottom:

层填土(Q4)杂填土,杂色,上部主要由 15cm 厚的混凝土地坪和 20cm

的碎石垫层,下部主要素填土为主,结构松散,土质不均,层厚 1.00~4.0m 

间,场地内普遍分布。其中原明河塘处填土厚度较大。根据本次现场勘探,

坪以下 的回填土填土主要由素填土为主,并夹有碎石块和碎砖,其测重型动

探击数 1~9 ,离散性较大,土质较为不均匀,为近年堆积,结构较为松

散,渗透性较强,密实度较差,此层土为新近堆积,工程性质较差。层底标

0.904.60 米,层厚 0.704.40 米。

① layer of filling (Q4): Miscellaneous fill, variegated, the upper part is mainly composed of 15cm thick of concrete ground and 20cm of gravel cushion, the lower part is mainly filled with plain soil, the structure is loose, the soil is uneven, and the layer thickness is between 1.00 ~4.0m, they are generally distributed in the site. Among them, the fill thickness the original Minghetang is relatively large. According to the site exploration, the backfill soil below the ground is mainly composed of plain fill, with chippings and broken bricks, the measured heavy dynamic probing number  is 1~9 strike, the dispersion is large, and the soil is relatively uneven, it is stacked in nearly 3 years, with loose structure is loose, strong permeability, poor compactness, and this layer of soil is newly stacked, the engineering properties are poor. The bottom level is 0.90~4.60m,  and the layer thickness is 0.70~4.40m.

层黏土(Q4):灰黄色~黄色,硬塑。含少量铁锰结核。摇震反应无,有

光泽,干强度高,韧性高。此层普遍分布,属中等压缩性土,工程性质良好。

层底标高-0.300.40 米,层厚 0.904.70 米。

② layer of clay (Q4): grayish yellow  yellow, hard plastic. It contains a small amount of ferromanganese concretion. There is no reaction after shaking, with good luster, high dry strength and high toughness. This layer is generally distributed and belongs to medium compressed soil with good engineering properties. The bottom elevation is -0.300.40m and the layer thickness is 0.90  4.70m.

③2 层粉土夹粉质黏土:灰色,稍密~中密,矿物成分主要为石英,含少

量云母碎屑。土质不均,局部夹 软塑状的粉质粘土。摇震反应无,稍有光泽,

干强度中等,韧性中等。此层普遍分布,属中压缩性土,工程性质一般。层

底标高-0.36-2.00 米,层厚 2.003.80 米。

③2 layers of silt and silty clay: gray, slightly dense ~ medium dense, the main mineral composition is quartz, containing less amount of mica shard. With uneven soil, partially with soft plastic silty clay. There is no reaction after shaking, with slightly luster, medium dry strength and medium toughness. This layer is generally distributed and belongs to medium compressed soil with general engineering properties. The bottom elevation is -0.36 -2.00m and the layer thickness is 2.00  3.80m.

层粉质黏土:灰色,软塑~流塑。摇震反应无,稍有光泽,干强度中

等,韧性中等。此层普遍分布,属高压缩性土,工程性质较差。层底标高-7.20

-5.40 米,层厚 2.304.80 米。

      ④layer of silty clay: gray, soft plastic ~ flow plastic. There is no reaction after shaking, with slightly luster, medium dry strength and medium toughness. This layer is generally distributed and belongs highly compressed soil with poor engineering properties. The bottom level  is -7.00~-5.40m, and the layer thickness is 2.30~ 4.80 m.

层粉质黏土:灰黄色~黄色,硬塑。含少量铁锰结核。摇震反应无,有光

泽,干强度高,韧性高。此层普遍分布,属中等压缩性土,工程性质良好。

      ⑤ layer of silty clay: grayish yellow yellow, hard plastic. It contains a small amount of ferromanganese concretion.  There is no reaction after shaking, with luster,high dry strength and high toughness. This layer is generally distributed and belongs to medium compressed soil with good engineering properties.

该层土未钻穿。

以上各 土层在场地内的分布情况详见图表部分 3-13-4《工程地质剖面

图》。

This layer of soil is not drilled through.

For the distribution of the above soil layers in the site, see chart section 3-1~3-4 “Engineering geological profile”.

() 土层物理力学性质

各土层 物理力学性质指标由室内土工试验、静力触探试验获得。

(iii) Physical and mechanical properties of soil layers

The physical and mechanical property indexes of each soil layer were obtained by indoor geotechnical test and static penetration test.

1. 室内土工试验

土工试验按 GB/T50123《土工试验方法标准》执行,其试验成果详见附表 3

《土工试验综合成果表》,一般物 理力学性质指标的统计按国家规范进行,数据

取舍采用 chauvenet 法,统计分析成果详见附表 2《物理力学指标统计表》。

1.Indoor geotechnical test

The geotechnical test is carried out in accordance with GB/T50123 “Standards for Soil Test Methods”. The test results are shown in the attached table “Comprehensive results of the geotechnical test”, the statistics of general physical and mechanical property index are carried out according to national standards, the data selection adopts the chauvenet method, and the statistical analysis results are shown in the attached Table 2 “Physical and mechanical index statistics”.

2. 静力触 探指标统计采用剔除少数异常值后的算术平均值,其成果详见附2《物理力学指标统计表》。

2. The statistics of the static penetration indexes adopts the arithmetic mean after removing a few abnormal values, the results are shown in the attached Table2 “Physical and mechanical index statistics”.

3. 各土样 三轴剪切试验成果详见 4-1《三轴剪切试验成果图》。

4. 各土层 综合固结试验成果见图表部分 5-15-2《土层综合固结试验成

果图》。

        3. For the results of the triaxial shear test of each soil sample, see 4-1 “Result Charts of triaxial shear  test”.

4. The results of the comprehensive consolidation test of each soil layer are shown in the chart section 5-1~5-2 “Result Charts of soil layer comprehensive consolidation test”.

三. 场地稳定性及地基土均匀性评价

III. Evaluation of site stability and foundation soil uniformity

场地稳定性评价

根据区域地质资料,常武地 区第四纪覆盖层厚达 180200 米,且没有活动

断裂通过,无不良地质作用,故拟建 场地属稳定场地,适宜建筑。

(i) Site stability evaluation

According to regional geological data, the Quaternary period overburden of Changwu area is 180-200 meters thick, and there is no active fracture passing through, without unfavorable geological function, so the proposed site is a stable site and is suitable for construction.

地基土均匀性评价

本工程 场地为车间二混凝土地面,地质平坦,上部有 15cm 厚的混凝土地坪

20cm 的碎石垫层,以下为回填土,原场地 河塘处填土较厚,土质较不均匀

工程性质较差,故场地地基稳定性一般

(ii) Evaluation of  foundation soil uniformity

The site of the project is the concrete floor of the workshop II, with flat geology, there are 15cm thick of concrete ground and 20cm of gravel cushion, the lower part is the back-filling soil, the original site at the pond is filled with thicker soil, the soil quality is less uneven, the engineering property is poor, so the stability of the site foundation is the general level.

四. 场地地下水

IV. Site groundwater

在本次 勘察深度范围内,按含水 层性质及地下水埋藏条件,场地地下水类型分为两种:一种是赋存于层填土中的上层滞水,主要由 大气降水和地表迳流补给,蒸发排泄,其水位 受季节性影响较大;第二种是赋存于2 层粉土 夹粉质黏土中的微承压水,与长江水呈补、迳、排关系其水位 受季节性影响较小。

Within the depth of this exploration, according to the  aquifer property and groundwater burial conditions, the site groundwater is divided into two types: one is the perched groundwater that exists in the ① layer,  it is mainly supplied by atmospheric precipitation and surface runoff and discharged by evaporation, its water level is greatly affected by seasonal variation; the second type is micro confined water that exists in silt and silty clay of ③2 layer, it has the relationship of supply, runoff, and discharge with the Yangtze River, and its water level is less affected by seasonal variation.

本次勘 察期间测得上层滞水埋深 2 米,相当于黄海标高 3.3 米。上层滞 水水位年变化幅度在黄海标高 2.5~3.8 米之间;微承压水埋深 5.0 米,相当于黄海标高 0.3 米。据本公 司历年勘察资料,场区近 年来微承压水水位变化幅度在黄海标高-0.5~1.0 米之间。

During the exploration, the burial depth of the perched groundwater was 2m, which is equivalent to 3.3m of Yellow Sea elevation. The annual variation of the perched groundwater level is between 2.5~3.8m of Yellow Sea elevation ; the burial depth of the micro confined water is 5.0m, which is equivalent to 0.3m of the Yellow Sea elevation. According to the company’s survey data over the years, the variation of the micro confined water level in the site is between -0.5~ 1.0m of the Yellow Sea elevation in recent years.

常州地 区历史最高洪水位为黄海标高 3.70 米。近 35 年最高 洪水位为黄海标高 3.62 米,本场地 抗洪设防水位为黄海标高 3.72 米。

The highest flood  level in Changzhou is 3.70m of of the Yellow Sea elevation. The highest flood level in recent35 years is 3.62m of the Yellow Sea elevation, and the water level of flood protection of the site is 3.72m of the Yellow Sea elevation.

场区及 附近无明显污染源,根据前期勘察成果,上层滞水及土对混凝土及混凝 土结构中的钢筋具微腐蚀性。

There is no obvious pollution source in the nearby site. According to the previous survey results, the perched groundwater and soil are slightly corrosive to the concrete and steel bars in  concrete structures.

五. 场地和 地基的地震效应

V. Seismic effects of site and foundation

据 GB50011—2010《建筑抗震设计规范》(2016 年版),常州市 属抗震设防烈度 7 度区,设计基 本地基加速度值为 0.10g,设计地震分组为第一组。

According to GB50011—2010 “Code for seismic design of buildings” (2016 edition), Changzhou belongs to the 7 degree zone for seismic fortification intensity, the designed basic ground acceleration value is 0.10g, and the designed earthquake group is the first group.

据 GB50223—2004《建筑工 程抗震设防分类标准》规定,本工程 建筑抗震设防类别为丙类

According to GB50223—2004 “Standard for Classification of Seismic protection of Building Constructions”, the seismic fortification category of this project is Class C.

㈠ 土的类型及场地类别

(i) Types of soil and site

J3 孔、J11 孔为例,经估算,地面下 20 米深度 范围内土层等效剪切波

速分别为 191 /秒、212 /,详见表 2土层等 效剪切波速估算表》。

Taking J3 hole and J11 hole as examples, it is estimated that the equivalent cutting wave speeds of  soil layer with 20m depth below the ground are 191 m/s and 212 m/s respectively. See Table 2 “Estimation table of equivalent cutting wave speeds of  soil layer”.

 

 

上一篇: 蒙古女翻译家Degii
下一篇: 建筑类中译英翻译

Copyright (c)2011-2018 冠宇长沙翻译公司 版权所有 网站地图

冠宇长 沙翻译公司为您提供高品质一站式翻译服务!

友情链接:    大福彩票   k8彩票聊天室   中国官方彩票   K8彩票找不到了   福彩软件